Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Han-Joon Kim 3 Articles
Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Neonicotinoid Insecticide Poisoning
Jin-Chul Kim, Byung-Hak So, Han-Joon Kim, Hyung-Min Kim, Jung-Ho Park, Se-Min Choi, Kyu-Nam Park, Kyoung-Ho Choi
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2010;8(1):24-29.   Published online June 30, 2010
  • 86 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose: Neonicotinoid insecticides are widely used as they have been proven by experimental studies to have low toxicity to mammals, including humans. As the use of neonicotioids increases, the number of patients with neonicotinoid poisoning has also increased. We conducted a study to investigate the clinical manifestations of neonicotinid poisoning. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the patients who ingested neonicotinids and who visited the emergency department located in Korea from March 2002 to February 2010. We reviewed the patients' age, gender, the amount of exposure, the elapsed time to presentation, the treatment and the outcome. According to the poisoning severity score, we divided the patients with a Poisoning severity score (PSS) of 0 or 1 into the mild/moderate toxicity group and the patients with a PSS of 2 or 3 into the severe/fatal toxicity group. Results: A total of 24 patients were analyzed. The most common clinical manifestations of neonicotinoid insecticide toxicity were gastrointestinal symptoms (66.7%) such as nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain and the others are respiratory symptoms (16.7%), cardiovascular symptoms (12.5%), metabolic imbalance (12.5%), renal dysfunction (8.3%), CNS symptoms (8.3%), and asymptomatic (29.2%). Twenty patients (83.3%) showed mild/moderate toxicity and 4 patients (16.7%) showed fatal conditions such as shock and mutiorgan failure. The mortality rate was 4.2%. In these fatal cases, the patients developed respiratory failure, hypotension, altered mentality and renal failure at the acute stage and they deteriorated to a more serious condition. This severe toxicity was caused by decreased renal excretion of neonicotinid metabolite, and this was improved after hemodialysis. Conclusion: Most patients with neonicotinoid poisoning and who showed mild toxicity usually improved after symptomatic treatment. However, some patients showed significant toxicity with respiratory failure and renal function deterioration, and intensive care needed, including mechanical ventilation and hemodialysis.
Epidemiologic Study of Poisoned Patients Who Presented to the Emergency Department of a High end Medical Facility in Seoul 1998~2009
Jae-Hoon Lee, Sang-Hoon Oh, Kyu-Nam Park, Chun-Song Youn, Soo-Hyun Kim, Won-Jung Jeong, Han-Joon Kim
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2010;8(1):7-15.   Published online June 30, 2010
  • 60 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose: There are an insignificant number of studies done on the demographics of intoxication patients and on the characteristics of toxic exposure on a long term basis in Korea. The objective of our survey is to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of intoxication in a metropolitan emergency department in order to more efficiently manage intoxication patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of intoxication patients who visited the emergency department of a high end medical facility between January, 1998 and June, 2009. We investigated the trend of the substances people became intoxicated with during the study period and we analyzed the age, gender, year and distribution of patients and the outcome of the patients. Results: There were 1544 cases of intoxication during the study period, and the cases made up 0.37% of the total visitors to our emergency department, which is a high end medical facility located in the city. Most of the patients were female (70%) in their twenties and thirties. The most commonly ingested intoxication substances were sedatives, analgesics and pesticides. Unlike in the province, antidepressant abuse is on the rise while pesticide abuse is falling. The overall admission rate was 24.8% and the mortality rate was 1.6%. Pesticides intoxication was the most common cause of death (76%). Pesticides intoxication, a male gender and old age were the most significant fatality-related factors. Conclusion: We think that there is a need to investigate the actual conditions of drug intoxication in the city and prepare measures to prevent drug intoxication.
Time-variable Analysis of Cholinesterase Levels in Patients with Severe Organophosphate Poisoning
Han-Joon Kim, Kyu-Nam Park, Mi-Jin Lee
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2006;4(2):113-121.   Published online December 31, 2006
  • 73 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose: Previous studies have reported that plasma cholinesterase (AchE) concentration can serve as a useful prognostic parameter in cases of acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning. However, there has been considerable disagreement regarding the degree of its prognostic value. Earlier cross-sectional and one- time point studies were plagued with methodologic flaws, making it difficult to interpret their results. The purpose of this study was to clarify the prognostic value of time-variable cholinesterase levels and their relationship with clinical outcomes in OP poisoning. Methods: We reviewed medical and intensive care records of patients with acute OP poisoning admitted to our emergency department between March 1998 and Sep 2006. We collected patient information regarding poisoning, clinical, and demographic features. Patients were assessed for clinical outcomes and AchE concentrations on days 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 and on the final day. Results: During the study period, 58 patients were enrolled in this study. There was a statistically significant difference in the AchE differentials on 1-3 days for patients requiring mechanical ventilation and for patients with mild poisoning (p<0.05). Also, the decrease in the log AchE concentration correlated with longer durations of mechanical ventilation (r=-0.411, p=0.002). Conclusion: In severe OP poising, measurements of time-variable AchE concentrations can be helpful in the prediction of mortality, the development of intermediate syndrome, and duration of mechanical ventilation.

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology