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Jin Hong Min 1 Article
Treatment of Ethylene Glycol Poisoning Patient Presented with Mental Change
Jin Hong Min, Jang Young Lee, Moon Gi Min, Sung Pil Chung, Seung Whan Kim, In Sool Yoo
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2004;2(2):129-132.   Published online December 31, 2004
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Ethylene glycol poisoning can cause profound morbidity and is almost universally fatal if untreated. Central nervous system depression, pulmonary edema, and acute oligulic renal failure with crystalluria are among the most commonly encountered complication of ingestion. Ingestion of ethylene glycol may be an important contributor in patients with metabolic acidosis and subsequent renal failure. The diagnosis of ethylene glycol poisoning is based on nonspecific clinical symptoms and signs and indirect and direct laboratory measurement of ethylene glycol. As a result, diagnosis and treatment sometimes can be delayed. We describe 52-year-old man who visited to emergency department with mental change of unknown origin. The patient has high anion gap metabolic acidosis and renal failure due to ingestion of antifreeze that contained ethylene glycol. We used hemodialysis for elimination technique. The patient was discharged with minimal complication.

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology