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Seong Jung Kim 1 Article
The Usefulness of Serum Lipid Concentration as a Predictor of Convulsion in Patients with Glufosinate Ammonium Poisoning
Hyun Do Lee, Kyung Hoon Sun, Seong Jung Kim
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2017;15(1):40-46.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22537/jksct.2017.15.1.40
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Purpose: Glufosinate ammonium (GA; phosphinothricin) can induce neurological complications such as altered mental status, amnesia, and convulsions. This study was conducted to evaluate whether blood lipid profiles can help predict convulsions in patients with GA poisoning. Methods: This study was a retrospective review of data acquired at a tertiary academic university hospital from March 2014 to July 2016. Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney test and Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) of demographic and laboratory findings of 50 patients with GA poisoning were performed to identify correlations of general characteristics and laboratory findings, including blood lipid profiles of GA-poisoned patients between with and without convulsions. Results: Convulsion as a GA complication showed a significant association with poison volume, age, white blood cell count, and creatine phosphokinase (CK), albumin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) content in blood according to an independent t-test and Mann-Whitney test. However, ANCOVA demonstrated significant association with LDL and triglyceride. Conclusion: Blood lipid profiles, especially serum LDL and triglyceride, were useful in predicting convulsions in patients with GA poisoning.

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology