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Yoon Jung Hwang 1 Article
Fomepizole for Ethylene Glycol or Methanol Poisoning in Children
Ha Na Min, Yoon Jung Hwang, Dong Ryul Ko, Young Seon Joo, Tae Young Kong, Min Hong Choa, In Cheol Park, Sung Phil Chung
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2017;15(2):79-85.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22537/jksct.2017.15.2.79
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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and adverse effect of fomepizole in the management of acute ethylene glycol or methanol poisoning in children. Methods: Databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and KoreaMed were searched using terms related to fomepizole, ethylene glycol, methanol and pediatric. All studies, regardless of study design, reporting effectiveness or safety endpoints in children were included. Reference citations from identified publications were reviewed. Only reports written in English or Korean languages were included. The reference search was performed by two authors. Results: Twenty-two relevant literatures were finally included. They were one narrative review, 4 retrospective case series, and 17 case reports (19 cases). Case reports were classified as 5 fomepizole only, 8 fomepizole with other therapies, and 6 no fomepizole. All patients from the literatures were fully recovered without long term sequelae. Adverse effects of fomepizole were reported including anaphylaxis, thrombophlebitis and nystagmus. Conclusion: There are insufficient literatures regarding fomepizole treatment in children with ethylene glycol or methanol poisoning. The benefits or harms are not clearly established based on the clinical evidences. More prospective comparative studies are required in the future.

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology