Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Yoon-Hee Choi 2 Articles
Clinical Outcome for High-dose Pralidoxime in Treating Organophosphate Intoxication
Kyung-Min Lee, Yoon-Hee Choi, Young-Jin Cheon, Duk-Hee Lee
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2011;9(2):56-60.   Published online December 31, 2011
  • 75 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose: The optimal dose of oximes for use in the treatment of organophosphorus pesticide poisoning has not been conclusively established. In this retrospective study, we assessed the effectiveness of the use of high-dose pralidoxime infusion in treating organophosphorus pesticide poisoning. Methods: From January 1998 to December 2009, 71 patients visited the hospital Emergency Department (ED) as a result of organophosphate pesticide intoxication. All of these patients received an initial bolus of 2 g of pralidoxime as the first step of treatment. Patients who then received continuous infusion of pralidoxime at a dose of 500 mg/hr were entered into study group 1 (low dose), and those treated by continuous infusion of pralidoxime at a dose of 1000 mg/hr were entered into study group 2 (high-dose). Plasma cholinesterase activities for each patient were evaluated at ED arrival and re-evaluated 24 hours after pralidoxime infusion. The effectiveness of the two treatment modalities was gauged by comparing the required duration of mechanical ventilation, time spent in the intensive care unit (ICU) and total time spent in the hospital. Results: The mean duration of mechanical ventilation was $9.98{pm}6.47$ days for group 1 and $4.39{pm}6.44$ days for group 2. The respective mean duration of time spent in ICU and the total number of days in the hospital were $16.38{pm}18.84$ days and $21.87{pm}20.16$ days for group 1, and $7.83{pm}9.99$ days and $11.71{pm}13.53$ days for group 2. Highdose pralidoxime treatment was associated with shorter required durations for mechanical ventilation, ICU and hospital stay. In addition, plasma cholinesterase reactivation rates were higher for those patients receiving high-dose pralidoxime treatment. Conclusion: The results suggest that high-dose pralidoxime treatment has greater efficacy for patients suffering from organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.
Hypokalemic Muscular Paralysis Causing Acute Respiratory Failure in a Chronic Glue Sniffer
Yoon-Hee Choi, Dong-Hoon Lee, Eun-Kyung Eo
J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol. 2005;3(1):63-66.   Published online June 30, 2005
  • 75 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon found in glues, cements, and solvents. It is known to be toxic to the nervous system, hematopoietic system, and causes acid-base and electrolyte disorders. Acute respiratory failure with hypokalemia and rhabdomyolysis with acute renal failure should be considered as potential events in protracted glue sniffing. We reported the case of 26-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with the development of respiratory failure and altered mentality due to hypokalemia after chronic glue sniffing. She was weaned from the ventilator 3 days later after potassium and sodium bicarbonate replacement and was discharged without respiratory symptoms and other complications.

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology