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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 5(1); 2007 > Article
Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Carbamate Poisoning in Korea
Woon-Yong Kwon, Joon-Seok Park, Eun-Kyung Eo, Bum-Jin Oh, Mi-Jin Lee, Sung-Woo Lee, Joo-Hyun Suh, Hyung-Keun Roh, Gil-Joon Suh
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2007;5(1):1-7
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: June 30, 2007
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine
2Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University
3Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
5Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea
6Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine
8Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science
9Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and the prognostic factors of carbamate poisoned patients who visited emergency departments. Methods: From August 2005 to July 2006, we investigated the demographic feature, dose of exposure, time of exposure, alcohol intake, route of exposure, reason of exposure, site of exposure, pre-existing medical condition, time from exposure to emergency department (ED), transfer from other hospitals, vital sign at ED arrival, symptom or sign at ED arrival, and result of care of the patients who visited the ED of thirty-eight hospitals in Korea. According to the result of care, we divided the patients into two groups, the survival and the dead. To evaluated the prognostic factors, we calculated the odds ratio of each factor for the survival. Results: Among the sixty-eight patients, fifty-five patients (80.9%) were survival and thirteen patients (19.1%) were dead. The patients in the dead were older than the patients in the survival. The Glasgow coma scale (GCS) of the patients in the dead was lower than the GCS in the survival. The odds ratio of the GCS at ED arrival for the survival was 1.58 (95% CI; 1.23-2.05). Other factors showed no statistical significances. Conclusion: The GCS at emergency department arrival was the prognosis factor of the carbamate poisoned patients who visited emergency departments. If the carbamate poisoned patients showed altered mentalities, they should be provided intensive care, immediately.

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JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology