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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 5(2); 2007 > Article
Clinical Aspects of the Chlorophenoxy Herbicide Intoxicated Patients
Young-Soon Cho, Ho-Jung Kim, Bum-Jin Oh, Joo-Hyun Suh, Woon-Yong Kwon, Joon-Seok Park, Eun-Kyung Eo, Mi-Jin Lee, Sung-Woo Lee, Hyung-Keun Roh, Hoon Lim
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2007;5(2):112-118
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: December 31, 2007
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, Sooncunhyang university hospital, Bucheon
10Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science
11Department of Emergency Medicine, Sooncunhyang university hospital, Bucheon
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Sooncunhyang university hospital, Bucheon
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Asan Medica Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
4Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine
6Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University
7Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University
8Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University
9Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine

Purpose: There have been relatively few reports of chlorophenoxy herbicide poisoning. The purpose of this study is to analyze the general characteristics and clinical aspects of the chlorophenoxy herbicide intoxicated patients in Korea. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the chlorophenoxy herbicide intoxicated patients visiting to the 38 emergency medical centers in Korea from the 1 August 2005 to the 31 July 2006. Results: 24 patients were enrolled during the study periods. Their mean age was 55.7 years old. The median amount of the chlorophenoxy herbicide intoxicated is 150 mL. The most frequent location where the patients obtained and took the chlorophenoxy herbicide was their home. Frequent compounds involving chlorophenoxy herbicide poisoning were dicamba(66.7%), MCPP(16.7%), and 2,4-D(12.5%). The most common symptom of the patients was confusion and vomiting. 16 patients(66.7%) intended to suicide. 3 patients out of 24 patients(13.0%) were died. Conclusion: There were 24 patients intoxicated by the chlorophenoxy herbicide during the study periods. The mortality rate was 13.0%. The suicidal attempts and the numbers of death involving chlorophenoxy herbicide were high in Korea.

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