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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 9(2); 2011 > Article
A Case of Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning
Hyun-Min Jung, Ji-Hye Kim, Jin-Hui Paik, Jun-Sig Kim, Jung-Hun Kim, Seung-Baik Han
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2011;9(2):109-112
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: December 31, 2011
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University
2Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University
3Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University
4Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University
5Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University
6Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University

Aluminum phosphide is commonly used as a rodenticidal agent in agricultural workplaces. However, reported cases of aluminum phosphide poisoning in Korea are rare. Upon contact with moisture in the air, aluminum phosphide releases highly toxic phosphine gas ($PH_3$). $PH_3$ is readily absorbed through lung epithelium and into the bloodstream. Phosphine may cause denaturing of oxyhemoglobin and enzymes important to respiration and metabolism, and also may effect cellular membranes. There are numerous complications associated with acute aluminum phosphide poisoning including gastrointestinal, respiratory, and cardiac toxicities. We report the case of a 46-year-old man who suffered from respiratory and cardiac toxicities after unintentional aluminum phosphide exposure. More intensive education for prevention is recommended.


JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology