Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Articles

Page Path
HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 10(1); 2012 > Article
Multicenter Survey of Intoxication Cases in Korean Emergency Departments: 2nd Annual Report, 2009
Ae-Jin Sung, Kyung-Woo Lee, Byung-Hak So, Mi-Jin Lee, Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hye Park, Jeong-Bae Park, Seok-Ran Yeom, Seong-Beom Oh, Ji-Young You, Kyung-Won Lee, Byeong-Jo Chun, Young-Joon Kang
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2012;10(1):22-32
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: June 30, 2012
  • 98 Views
  • 1 Download
  • 0 Crossref
  • 0 Scopus
1Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University
10Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Hallym University
11Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu
12Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Chonnam National University
13Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical School of Jeju National University
2Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University
3Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University
6Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Inje University
7Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University
8Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University
9Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Dankook University

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of toxic exposure cases in Korean emergency centers using a toxic exposure surveillance system-based report form and to provide guidelines for the prevention and treatment of toxic exposures. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of toxic exposure patients who had visited emergency centers from January 2009 to December 2009. Epidemiology data points for the toxic exposure cases included age, gender, type of exposure, number and kind of substances involved, reason and route of poison exposure, management of the patients in the emergency departments, and the clinical outcome. Results: A total of 3,501 patients from 12 emergency departments were enrolled in the study. 50.0% of the total exposure patients were male and 63.0% of the total cases were fatal. Acute intoxication occurred in 91.3% of the total patients and suicidal intent was the most common (43.3%) reason for exposure. The most common route of exposure was ingestion (75.9%). Of the total cases, pesticides were involved in 26.3%, sedatives/hypnotics/antipsychotics were involved in 22.0%, and bites and envenomations were involved in 15.7%. Conclusion: We provided a database of patients who were admitted to emergency departments after poisoning incidents. We recommend that toxicology professionals develop a classification scheme for toxicants which is adequate for Korean domestic circumstances and initiate a toxic surveillance system for all types of exposures. With support of a psychiatric surveillance system for suicidal patients and establishment of social mediation for pesticide poisoning, major reductions in poison exposures can be achieved.

Related articles

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology