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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 15(2); 2017 > Article
Analysis of Poisoning Patients Using 2016 ED Based Injury in-depth Surveillance Data
Sung Phil Chung, Mi Jin Lee, Hyunggoo Kang, Bum Jin Oh, Hyun Kim, Yang Weon Kim, Byeong Jo Chun, Kyung Hwan Kim
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2017;15(2):86-93
Published online: December 31, 2017
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
2Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine
6Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonnam National University, School of Medicine
8Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital

Purpose: Some advanced countries have reported annual statistics for poisoning based on data from poison control centers. This study was conducted to propose a baseline format and statistics of poisoning in Korea from a national representative database. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of poisoning patients based on data from an emergency department (ED) based injury in-depth surveillance project by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2016. Bite or sting injuries were not included. Variables related to poisoning were summarized using a similar format as the National Poison Data System in the United States. Results: A total of 7,820 poisoning patients presented to 23 EDs. Adults ${geq}20$ years accounted for 84% of the population, while the proportion of intentional poisoning was 59.4%. The most common poisoning substances were therapeutic drugs (45%), gas (21%), pesticides (15%), and artificial toxic substances (13%). Overall, 34.5% of patients were admitted for further treatment. The mortality was 3.2% (248 cases), and the most common causative substances were carbon monoxide, glyphosate, and paraquat, in order. Conclusion: This study showed the recent status of poisoning in Korea. However, a comprehensive poisoning registry based on poison control centers may be required to provide more accurate national statistics in the future.

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JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology