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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 18(2); 2020 > Article
Analysis of Poisoning Patients Using 2017-18 ED Based Injury in-depth Surveillance Data
Jiyoon Koh, Woochan Jeon, Hyunggoo Kang, Yang Weon Kim, Hyun Kim, Bum Jin Oh, Mi Jin Lee, Byeong Jo Chun, Sung Phil Chung, Kyung Hwan Kim
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2020;18(2):85-93
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22537/jksct.2020.18.2.85
Published online: December 31, 2020
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
10Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
3Hanyang University College of Medicine
4Inje University College of Medicine
5Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine
6Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
7School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University
8Chonnam National University, School of Medicine
9Yonsei University College of Medicine

Purpose: The annual statistics for poisoning are reported based on the data from poison control centers in many advanced countries. In 2016 a study was conducted to analyze the 2016 Korea Poisoning status. This study was conducted to make a better annual report for poisoning statistics in Korea from a 2017-2018 national representative database. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of poisoning patients based on the data from an emergency department (ED) based injury in-depth surveillance project by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017-2018. Bite or sting injuries were not included. Results: A total of 17714 patients presented to 23 EDs because of poisoning. Adults above 20 years old age accounted for 84.6% of the population, while the proportion of intentional poisoning was 60.8%. The poisoning substance presented in the ED were therapeutic drugs (51.2%), gas (20.3%), pesticides (16.4%), and artificial substances (11.4%). Overall, 35% of patients were admitted for further treatment. The mortality was 2.4% (422 cases), and the most common fatal substances in order were carbon monoxide, other herbicides, and paraquat. Conclusion: This study showed the 2017-2018 status of poisoning in Korea. The prognosis is different from the cause of poisoning and the initial mental state of the patient. Therefore, appropriate methods for preventing poisoning and therapeutic plans in specific situations are needed.

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JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology