Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Articles

Page Path
HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 15(2); 2017 > Article
Trends in Korean Pediatric Poisoning Patients: Retrospective Analysis of National Emergency Department Information System
Kyeongjae Lee, Kyung Hwan Kim, Dong Wun Shin, Junseok Park, Hoon Kim, Woochan Jeon, Joon Min Park, Hyunjong Kim
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2017;15(2):69-78
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22537/jksct.2017.15.2.69
Published online: December 31, 2017
  • 84 Views
  • 0 Download
  • 0 Crossref
  • 0 Scopus
1partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
2partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
3partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
4partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
5partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
6partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
7partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital
8partment of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital

Purpose: This study reports the clinical features of infant, child, school aged and adolescent patients treated for acute poisoning in nationwide emergency departments (EDs). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data pertaining to patients under 19 years of age who were treated for acute poisoning in nationwide EDs from 2013 to 2015. The data were collected by the National Emergency Department Information System (NEDIS). All patients were divided into three groups: 'Infant and child group' (0 to 5 years), 'school age group' (6 to 12 years) and 'adolescent group' (13 to 18 years). General characteristics, Korea Standard Classification of Disease $7^{th}$ (KCD-7) codes and results of care were collected. Results: There were 14,500 pediatric poisoning cases during the study period. The distribution of patient age was bimodal with two peaks among infant, child and adolescent group. The proportion of alert mentality at the ED visit of the infant and child group was 99.3%, while that of the adolescent group was 86.4%. The proportion of intentional intoxication was higher in the adolescent group (40.7%) than other age groups. Among children less than 13 years of age, various poisonous substances and therapeutic drugs were common. Conclusion: There were some clinical differences in acute poisoning patients between age groups. It is necessary to establish a preventive plan considering characteristics by age. Since the KCD-7 code has limitations in analyzing the characteristics of poisoning patients, it is necessary to consider the registration system of poisoning patients.

Related articles

JKSCT : Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology