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HOME > J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol > Volume 13(1); 2015 > Article
The Clinical Characteristics for Emergency Endotracheal Intubation in Acute Drug Intoxication
Eol Han, Hyun Soo Chung, Yoo Seok Park, Je Sung You, Youngseon Joo, Taeyoung Kong, Incheol Park, Sung phil Chung
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology 2015;13(1):11-18
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: June 30, 2015
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1Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
6Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine
8Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics in emergency endotracheal intubation between patients with acute drug intoxication and medical disease. Methods: Data for airway registry collected in two emergency departments (ED) between April 2006 and March 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. The airway registry data included patient's demographic information and variables such as Cormack-Lehane grade, 3-3-2 finger analysis, success rate, the number of attempts at intubation, complications of intubation, and clinical outcomes after intubation. Results: A total of 1480 patients were enrolled; 62 patients were classified as belonging to the intubation group after the drug intoxication group. No significant differences in Cormack-Lehane grade, 3-3-2 finger analysis, success rate, the number of attempts at intubation, and complications after intubation were observed between patients with acute drug intoxication and medical disease. However, significant difference was observed for indication of emergency endotracheal intubation. While emergency endotracheal intubations were usually performed in medical patients because of failure of airway patency, they were performed in intoxicated patients with the goal of preventing serious complications. Conclusion: Anatomical structures related to endotracheal intubation, the process and clinical outcome of intoxicated patients are not significantly different from those for medical patients.

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